How often should I clean water filters?
Once a week. Pond Filter
prevent stagnation by straining or trapping the byproducts of plants and fish and can be quickly cleaned and replaced following the guide included in the filter manual. Some filters require less maintenance than others, but in general it’s good to inspect your filters once a week.
Can a water aeration system improve the pond and make maintenance easier?
Yes, it can. Aeration systems increases oxygen for fish by ensuring that water keeps circulating. Also, they prevent sludge from covering the bottom of the pond, so you don’t have to clean that yourself.
How often should I feed the fish?
Once or twice a day. The best time to feed them is when they are most lively.
How often should I remove natural debris?
Remove leaves and other decaying debris once a week. Of course, if much debris floats in your pond, remove it as soon as possible, especially if it includes toys, beer cans, plastics, or other similar things that your mischievous children or angry neighbors have thrown into your pond to frighten the fish, distress the plants, and vex you.
Should I add bacteria to my pond?
Yes, and don’t worry, it won’t harm the fish. Bacteria will counteract the bad effects that natural debris such as leaves can bring to your pond. Talk to your water garden/pond solutions supplier to find out what bacteria you should add and how often to do it.
What are the most resilient fish for a water garden?
The most popular choices are koi and goldfish, which can withstand changes in the temperature quite well. Good varieties are not always cheap, but they are good investments.
How can I keep the fish after the water freezes alive?
Dig a hole in the pond ice so that oxygen can reach the fish. The hole doesn’t have to be too big, but it must be deep enough to reach the liquid water. Always maintain at least two holes, in case one freezes. For larger water gardens, make several holes in the ice.
Should I worry about the toxicity level of ammonia and nitrates?
Yes, you should, since these can have a negative effect on the plant and fish life in your pond. To keep these under control carry out water pH tests constantly.
Is it true that small ponds are harder to maintain than large ones?
In most cases, yes. Although they might require less work in terms of cleaning, they are affected by changes in the weather, and sometimes also suffer from imbalanced levels of chemicals which can harm the fish. Large ponds with more plants than fish are the easiest to maintain.
How much water should I drain from the water garden before winter?
It depends on how harsh winters are where you live, and how long they last. Normally you will want to drain 20-30% of the water at the beginning of winter.