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All About Koi

All About Koi

 

The crème de la crème of a residential pond is the high end dramatic and totally beloved Koi Pond. The love affair with these aquatic superstars began in Japan in the early 1800's and shows no sign of ever slowing down. These playful and beautiful fish are not for amateurs, and should not be attempted for your first fish pond, but to a seasoned water garden owner they are the highlight of the culmination of your experience, and are a feather in the cap for any water garden enthusiast. Not to be stepped into blindly introducing Koi Pond kit to your pond requires careful planning and fore thought, and their environment will need care and attention.

Prepping the Water

Volume. Koi are social, and are happiest when they have friends to interact with, they can also get quite large (up to 20” long, average is between 11” and 15”) so the first thing you need to ensure is that you actually have room for them. Anything less than a 1000 gallons you might want to consider another variety for your pond, they can live for nearly 100 years and you want them as healthy and happy as they can be. Deeper is better than shallow, they will come display themselves, but will require enough depth that they can go rest or hide when they chose to.

The ph needs to be stable, and 7.4 is ideal, but they can survive a little range 7 - 9 is a good rule of thumb, but they will not survive a ph crash. To ensure they get a healthy happy start have the water balanced, retested and stable before you even introduce your fish. Monitor it often, and change in behavior can be an indicator the ph is straying from the optimum. Oxygen levels should be 7 ppm to 11 pm and should be maintained with a circulating pump, waterfall or fountain. Foliage, not just as a food source, intelligent fish like Koi enjoy playing and having an interesting environment. Properly placed foliage can also offer them protection from predators, and you can watch them practice playing hide and seek, it’s a self preservation technique than can save your precious Koi from uninvited guests in your yard.

Koi lay their eggs on the foliage so keep an eye and be prepared to isolate and protect newcomers if necessary. Algae levels should be kept minimal – a healthy layer can help keep the nitrates under control, but it should be a partner, and not allowed to consume the pond. The good bacteria will combat the bad bacteria feeding off waste and releasing toxins that can be an environmental hazard to your fish, and their eggs. Keep your healthy bacteria in good supply for a healthy micro system and it will stop problems before they get a chance to start. Food supplements are available to enhance the immune system or highlight the coloration, do not feed your Koi department store aquarium food, and check with your breeder before offering them treats to ensure the biological appropriateness.

You are ready, your pond is ready, now for the big moment, selecting your Koi. There are Koi Associations and clubs to help you select a breeder, Associated Koi Clubs of America is an amazing resource of like minded individuals who have fallen under the spell of these friendly little show offs. The range of colors and markings is a little daunting, so let’s just break it down so you can tell at a glance what it all means. It isn't really a secret code, they just happen to be a very versatile carp. Bekko = black and white, Rin = shiny scale, doitsu = scaleless or mirror carp), sumi = black in patches, lu = red in patches, nezu = gray. Shiro = white, karasu = all black, aka = all red, ki = yellow, oreji = orange, midori = green, cha = brown, beni = dark red, kin = metalic gold, gin = metalic white, ai = indigo, matsuba = pine cone pattern.

Koi have very pronounced personalities, one of the best determining factors of their health is their behavior. They will have no problem about letting you know they are happy, and will greet you when you come to visit.

We have wide variety of Koi Pond Kits available for you to choose from.