Whether you’re building your pond, expanding your pond, or even just trying to upgrade your pond, you might be looking into pond fountains.
Pond fountains can be used for a lot of different reasons, such as circulating water in your pond (which can help prevent mosquitoes from breeding and reduce the growth rate of potential weeds) or even just for decorative purposes.
Whatever your need is when it comes to getting a pond fountain, you should make sure that you’re getting the one that is the best size for your particular outdoor water feature.
What Are Pond Fountains?
Pond fountains are devices that can be used for cosmetic purposes, but they can also have actual functions as well: the main one is for them to aerate—or add air to—the pond.
There are a number of reasons that it’s important to aerate your pond, as doing so can help it look great and keep it healthy.
To put it in layman’s terms, fountains can offer beauty and benefits to a pond’s lifetime health and longevity.
As an aeration system, fountains can help provide circulation and oxygenation into the pond, which enhances and increases many of the pond’s natural cleaning processes.
When it comes to fountains, they tend to do their best work in very shallow water (anything that’s around 20 inches or less in-depth).
And, because they tend to work better in shallower (and thus, potentially smaller) pools, they tend to be easier to install since you don’t have to worry about diving deep and running pipes or wires through the pond upon installation of the fountain.
Also, depending on the type of fountain you choose can determine whether or not you end up with aesthetic elements such as spray patterns and lighting.
Types of Pond Fountains
When it comes to pond fountains, there are typically two types of water pumps: ones that are submerged beneath the water and ones that are placed outside of the pond (external or centrifugal pumps).
Choosing which type you wish to install for your pond largely comes down to what you’re hoping to get out of the fountain.
These are pumps that are meant to be placed completely underwater in the deepest part of the pond.
Typically, they are placed directly into the water, but you can also choose to put them in a skimmer box or pond vault.
Luckily, most submersible fountains are easy to install and are very quiet (considering they are completely underwater).
However, if you have aquatic creatures or plant life in your pond, be sure to choose a submersible fountain that doesn’t require oil.
If you don’t show caution in this area and you have an accidental oil spill, the oil will contaminate your water and prove dangerous to your fishes’ health.
Centrifugal Pond Fountains/Pumps
This pump version tends to be very reliable and energy-efficient.
You will end up installing this fountain in a dry location near your pond, and they tend to be used for larger ponds, rather than smaller ones.
However, because they are not submerged underwater, they tend to be louder and more complicated to install; the tradeoff of this, however, is that they tend to be easier to maintain since you don’t have to deal with extracting it from the pond before repairing it.
Although this is important for all fountain types, make sure that you have enough cord to lead to whichever fountain/pump type you choose.
You’re going to want to make sure that the cord length can reach the device and also plug into an outlet that is far away from the water.
Extension cords are not recommended when it comes to providing power to your fountain.
When it comes to choosing the best fountain for your pond, the most important element to keep in mind is that of your pond’s size.
There are many websites and tools that can help make the decision easier for you like our pond calculator, but it’s always good to double and triple-check before you get to installing.
Prior proper planning is key here!
Typically, when it comes to choosing the best fountain for your pond, the best piece of information to have on hand is the square acreage of your pond.
As mentioned, it’s not the easiest of tasks to size the fountain to your pond. Although there are general guidelines to follow, whatever decision you make is going to end up being unique to your specific pond and goal.
Again, although this is not the end-all-be-all method, one of the ways to look into the sizing of your pond fountain is to find a fountain that is about equal to 2 HP (fountain pump size) per acre or water.
It’s also possible to mix and match fountains to get the right amount of power you need; if you have a larger pond, you can choose to either get a larger fountain or you can assemble an army of smaller fountains that will equate to the amount of power you need.
Whatever amount of power you choose to look for in your fountain, it’s best to have the water in your pond circulate once every hour to keep your aquatic creatures and plant life in the healthiest environment—and to also prevent mosquitoes from gathering and breeding.
Time To Choose
This article has discussed the types of fountains that exist and it’s also discussed what to look for when it comes to choosing a fountain size.
However, if you want to go a bit deeper/more scientifically, another important thing to look for when it comes to choosing a fountain is the fountain’s GPH.
Pond fountains are rated by flow rate (which is labeled by GPH), and this determines the number of gallons of water a fountain rotates in an hour.
The GPH of a pond fountain, along with how high you want the water spray (for centrifugal pumps) to be are two other factors to consider.
At the end of the day, the most important thing to keep in mind when choosing your pond fountain is what you would like to achieve with it.